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An Annotated Bibliography
Kindra Cassidy
Academic affiliation: Oklahoma State University
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Anderson, Maren. "Un-fair to Small Farmers." Dollars & Sense (2001): 9-10. This article begins by providing a story of a man who had to sell his farm to pay off his $100,000 debt. It goes on to explain how this happens to more farmers every year. Families are losing family farms of more than 100 years, because they cannot afford to farm anymore. The article later reveals how the government put in place a farm bill, which ended in 2002, to help farms and eventually make it to where the farm would be able to survive on its own with no financial help. This bill failed to do that; farmers are still in need of financial help from the government, because farming markets and demand are decreasing every day. This is a very informative article and would be helpful to those who want to learn about farming and the ways the government is trying to help out.

Casavant, Kenneth L., Craig L. Infanger, and Deborah E. Bridges. Agricultural Economics and Management. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1999. This book is a very thorough examination of the management and economic side of agriculture. It tells of the different aspects of farming such as: trading, markets, etc. Each chapter breaks down and explains the different subjects pertaining to international trade, environmental policy, management decisions, etc. It further explains supply-and-demand curves and how they show what type of crop needs to be produced and how much. This is a very educational book; it would be extremely helpful for someone wanting to know more about agriculture economics and management. Each chapter contains many examples to help explain the content of the book, which makes it understandable and easier to follow.

"Farm Bill 2002." Natural Resources Conservation Service. 9 Sept. 2004 <http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/farmbill/2002/>. This website happens to be one of the United States Department of Agriculture sites. It is very helpful and informative. It tells the success stories of different farmers who have had positive outcomes to their farming businesses after the 2002 Farm Bill was signed. Moreover, this site gives the pros of the 2002 Farm Bill. It also, tells about different stories pertaining to the different issues of agriculture that America faces each day. The website tells of the different grants that the USDA and NRCS provide to the different places throughout the U.S. This website is helpful to someone wanting to know the positive effects of the 2002 Farm Bill.

Lamb, Russell L. "The New Farm Economy." Regulation 26.4 (2003): 10-15. Removing the government from the farm marketplace was the goal the government was trying to reach with the 2002 Farm Bill. The plan was that by the year 2002 the farm bill would come to an end and the farming industry would have no help from the government; this did not happen. This farm bill has made the farm market place more confusing than ever; the government is more involved now than it ever has been in the past. This article reveals the problems the government is facing with farm bills and agriculture policies. It is an extremely informative article and would be helpful to farmers, economists, government legislatures, etc. This article is very understandable and the average person would be able to comprehend its content.

Macher, Ron. Making Your Small Farm Profitable. Pownal, Vermont: Storey Books, 1999. A man who had experienced farming at its worst and best times wrote this book. He wrote this book to help guide others into making the right decisions when it comes to profiting from farming. The different chapters of this book lead the reader through the various stages of farming; from what to farm, to what to invest one's money in. This book tells how one can make his/her farming business prosperous if the right actions are taken. Moreover, this is a very enlightening book about farming and it is very easy to comprehend. This book is meant for farmers and they should take the time to read it, because it contains very helpful hits that will help improve his/her farming business.

Mittal, Anuradha. "Giving Away the Farm: The 2002 Farm Bill." Backgrounder 8.3 (2002): 1-6. This article gives insight about the 2002 Farm Bill that President Bush signed. The article does not take a side as to where it stands on the issue of being for or against the Farm Bill. Providing pros and cons on this particular farm bill, the article informs the reader about who the farm bill helped and hurt. It is a very in-depth article and was well written. This article is great for a person having a background on the subject of farming, government subsidies, and government foreign policy on trading commodities. This article would not be good for an average person to read who has no knowledge as to what the 2002 Farm Bill regards.

Orden, David. "Reform's Stunted Crop." Regulation 25.1 (2002): 26-32. This article gives an over view of the 1996 Farm Bill. It tells of the four changes it initiated in the policy compared to previous farm programs. The article goes on to explain how farmers received less support due to this particular bill; therefore, it caused the farmers to rely more upon the government. The government had to change something, so they made it to where farmers were able to receive loan payments on all of the farmer's output and not just on a fixed amount. This is a very enlightening article that lets the reader understand about the 1996 Farm Bill and what things the 2002 Farm Bill should have contained. Someone who has a background in farming and its related issues should read this article.

Smith, Vincent H. and Joseph W. Glauber. "The Effects of 1996 Farm Legislation of Feed and Food Grains. "Contemporary Economic Policy 16.1 (1998): 69-76. This article concentrates on certain issues in the 1996 Farm Bill; the issues pertain to wheat, feed grains, and rice markets and how the producers are affected by these markets. Acreage reduction, loan payments, supply-and-demand, etc. are also addressed in this article. It not only addresses recent bills related to the farming economy, but it addresses farm bills that were passed in 1973 that were meant to help the farming economy. This article gives a historical view of the different bills that relate to the United States agricultural policy. This should be an article read by anyone who has an interest, a background, or a connection to farming.

Tangermann, Stefan. "Farming Support: The Truth behind the Numbers." Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: The OECD Observer 243 (2004): 39-40. This is a very educational article; it provides the reader with the understanding of how the United States government works with other governments when it comes to Agriculture policy and the dealing of subsidies. The dollar amounts are given in this article to let the reader understand the quantity of money that is taken out of taxes and how much is given to farmers. As much as 31 cents from each dollar of revenue for the average farmer in the world's richest countries comes from government support; this reveals how much the government is involved with farming. This article is helpful for those who want to know how much money the farmers are given in subsidies from the government each year.

Zulauf, Carl. "Farming's Changing." The Futurist 37.5 (2003): 36-38. This article informs the reader that the interest in farm based foods has declined because consumers spend more money on other goods and services. Zulauf believes this is the effect of improved farm productivity. Costs of production have risen, but what farmers get in return for their products continues to decrease. It just does not make sense why interest in farm products is decreasing. Zulauf suggests that eventually farming will disappear from the United States altogether if the decrease continues to happen. However, he later states that more than likely farming's role in the economy will eventually grow. He contradicts himself and what he is writing about. This article would be helpful for farmers to read so they would know how the farming economy is doing as a whole.

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