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Atkins, The Truth Behind The Craze: An Annotated Bibliography
Brooke Whitesell
Academic affiliation: Oklahoma State University
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Astrup, Arne, Thomas Meinert Larsen, and Angela Harper. "Atkins and Other Low- Carbohydrate Diets: Hoax or An Effective Tool for Weight Loss?" The Lancet 364.9437 (2004): 897-99. Astrup questions the validity of the Atkins Diet and other low carb fad diets. The irony behind the Atkins Diet is being able to lose weight while consuming foods such as fatty meat, butter and high-fat dairy products. This comparative analogy of two mainstream diets, the Zone Diet and the Atkins Diet, allows readers the advantage of viewing scholarly information from different opinions about each diet. This diverse discussion helps to avoid any biases among the scholars. This article is beneficial because it conducts a study of the weight lost based on some of the positive short term and possible harmful long-term effects. This research is complex and best if viewed by doctors or scholars.

Goodwin, Kathy. The Atkins Diet-A Comprehensive Analysis. 9 Aug. 2004. 2004. 22 Feb. 2005 <http://www.thedietchannel.com/atkins.htm>. This website provides the origin of the Atkins Diet and discusses in vague detail how the diet actually operates. It also argues whether or not the Atkins is an adequate prevention for cancer. Goodwin is in agreement of the Atkins Diet, but cautions the reality of such a demanding diet. The website offers evidence of how rare it is for dieters to complete Atkins for one year. Of the few Atkins' dieters that lasted a year most had regained 1/3 of their weight back by the time that year had ended. This site is easy to access and illustrates the pros and cons of the Atkins Diet.

Hooper, Lee., et al. "Dietary Fat Intake and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Systematic Review." British Medical Journal 322.7289 (2001): 757-63. This study is conducted to measure the dietary fat intake and the prevention of cardiovascular disease. There are a series of methods and results that list the health threats of an improper intake of fats. The body requires certain fats to remain healthy; when those fats are removed from daily portions the body, in response, slowly shuts itself down. The detailed discussion in this study is projected towards educated scholars looking at the physical consequences of an unhealthy diet. It is important to comprehend the cardiovascular risk involved in the amount of fat intake. The review provides a statistical insight to proper ways of losing weight so one can maintain a healthier life.

Marks, Jennifer B. "The Weighty Issue of Low-Carb Diets, or Is The Carbohydrate the Enemy?" Clinical Diabetes 22.4 (2004): 155-56. Marks identifies the benefits of eating the accurate amount of carbohydrates in a diet. Frequently dieters are unaware of proper dieting techniques; by eliminating key elements in a healthy diet, such as bread, one is actually hurting the body instead of helping it. This article is clearly written and easy to understand for an readers wanting to find a unique way to prevent diabetes. Marks also reveals statistical facts among men and women concerning the calories in everyday food and the effect they have on adequate health. This information is beneficial abolishing calorie myths involved in meal choices.

Ornish, Dean. "Was Dr. Atkins Right?" Journal of the Dietetic Association 104.4 (2004): 537-42. Ornish approaches the Atkins Diet from a neutral informational standpoint, releasing medical truths relating to weight loss. Dietitians and health professionals are baffled by the number of people who are able to lose weight on a low-carb, high-fat diet such as Atkins. This article successfully identifies the contrasts among simple and complex carbohydrates. This research is advantageous for those wanting precise information concerning the risks and intricacy of low-carb meals. Ornish presents scholarly evidence regarding the health risks of a high-fat diet while also offering a guide to healthy weight loss. Often dieters are misinformed when beginning a diet; it is imperative that dieters not only focus on the actual weight loss but also center their attention on the deterioration of the body.

Stern, Linda.,et al. "The Effects of Low-Carbohydrate versus Conventional Weight Loss Diets in Severely Obese Adults: One-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Trial." Annals of Internal Medicine 140.10 (2004): 778-85. This review is a follow up of a study completed one year prior to this article written. The article is of scholarly brevity and complex in content, most beneficial for doctors and intellectuals of the medical field. The ability to perform a follow up a year later allows researchers the opportunity to view the long-term effects of comparative diets. The use of data tables demonstrated significant information showcasing the validity of the research. The research data was in favor of the low-carbohydrate diet over the conventional diets presented. Although both diets showed similar amounts of weight loss, over all the cholesterol levels and glycemic levels were superior in the bodies of those who were on the low-carb diet.

Tapper- Gardzina, Yvonne, Nancy Cotugna, and Connie E. Vickery. "Should You Recommend a Low-Carb, High-Protein Diet?" Nurse Practitioner Apr.2002: 52-59. Gardzina describes the risks of the low-carb, high-protein diet. Although initial weight loss does occur, one very rarely can maintain that weight loss because of the lack of food variability in this specific diet. Choosing foods rich in whole grains such as rice, potatoes and vegetables are necessary in achieving a healthy diet. The human body requires certain carbohydrates in order to function properly and burn energy, without the required amount of carbohydrates one may feel fatigued throughout the day. This information is uncomplicated to read and valuable for those attempting the Atkins Diet. It is important to know the exact risks that are taking place while dieting.

Vigilante, Kevin, and Mary Flynn. Low Fat Lies. DC: LifeLine P, 1999. This book exposes the truths behind low-fat diets. Vigilante and Flynn argue against the Atkins Diet, claiming people on the diet lose weight because they are eating fewer calories, not because of carbohydrates. The authors lean in favor of the popular Zone Diet, a semi healthy way of losing weight without eliminating carbohydrates all together. The emphasis in this book is placed on the importance of calorie intake and the dangers of over zealous protein consumption on a low-carb diet. The authors address the insulin issues involved in the first two weeks of the Atkins Diet, advising against the eradicating of sugar and starch that occurs in the first two weeks of Atkins. This text is very informative and targeted towards those who want to take a deeper approach to dieting.

Ward, Elizabeth M., and Linda R. Yoakman. The Low-Carb Bible. Illinois: Publications International, LTD, 2003. This book suggests a new meaning to low-carb cooking; Ward and Yoakman offer background information on the latest diets such as The Zone, Atkins, and the South Beach Diet. This book discusses the correct people for a low-carb diet, implying that a low-carb diet is not for everyone despite what many dieters believe. The authors use unambiguous speech producing text that is understandable, allowing the material to become applicable to the average reader. This divergent analysis of different meals is supported by research making this book not only informational but valid as well. Along with listing various diets, the book also offers recipes for which to achieve the diets' demands.

Yancy, William S., et al. "A Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet versus a Low-Fat Diet to Treat Obesity and Hyperlipidemia." Annals of Internal Medicine 140.10 (2004): 769-77. This was a randomized controlled study comparing two different diets, the Ketogenic Diet and a low-fat diet. With low-fat and low-carb diets at the peak of dieting vogue, this article offers unbiased insight to which diet has the more positive effect on one's health. In order to fully interpret this article one must be highly educated. This research is very descriptive in providing flow charts showing the distribution of effects on the body during low-fat and low-carb diets. It is imperative to know the vital signs and the specifics of what the DNA and nucleic acids endure when the body is deprived of nutrients.

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